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General Knowledge

OPEC largest oil producing country in 2017

A. USA
B. Saudi Arabia
C. U.A.E
D. Kuwait

Answer & Solution
Option: B
Explanation :In 2017, the daily production of crude oil by OPEC countries stood at some 39.4 million barrels. Saudi Arabia is by far the largest crude oil producer among OPEC members, responsible for almost 12 million barrels per day in 2017. Saudi Arabia is also the largest exporter of crude oil. In 2017, about 6.9 billion barrels per day were exported from Saudi Arabia.
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    The United Nations peace keeping forces won Nobel prize for peace in

    A. 1982
    B. 1984
    C. 1986
    D. 1988

    Answer & Solution
    Option: D
    Explanation :The Nobel Committee awarded the prize because “The peacekeeping forces of the United Nations have, under extremely difficult conditions, contributed to reducing tensions where an armistice has been negotiated but a peace treaty has yet to be established”.
    The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the 1988 Nobel Peace Prize is to be awarded to the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces.
    In its Award Ceremony Speech, the Committee said the Nobel Peace Prize for 1988 should be regarded as a recognition of the whole UN organisation. “It ought to be understood as a serious comment on the fact that we must, united and with our whole hearts, invest in the United Nations.”
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      10 December each year is observed throughout the world as

      A. Anti Slavery
      B. Aids
      C. Child labor
      D. Human rights

      Answer & Solution
      Option: D
      Explanation :Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December — the day the United Nations General Assembly adopted, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR): a milestone document proclaiming the inalienable rights which everyone is inherently entitled to as a human being regardless of race, colour, religion, sex, language, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Available in more than 500 languages, it is the most translated document in the world.
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        Windhoek is the capital of

        A. Namibia
        B. Ghana
        C. Colombia
        D. Nauru

        Answer & Solution
        Option: A
        Explanation :Windhoek is the capital and largest city of Namibia. It is located in central Namibia in the Khomas Highland plateau area, at around 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above sea level, almost exactly at the country’s geographical center. The population of Windhoek in 2020 was 431,000 which is growing continually due to an influx from all over Namibia.
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          Among the following Muslim countries, the largest producer of Natural Gas is:

          A. Qatar
          B. Iran
          C. Turkmenistan
          D. Saudi Arabia

          Answer & Solution
          Option: A
          Explanation :According to Global Energy Statistical Year 2019:- 1. USA 2.Russian 3.Iran 4.Canada 5.Qatar 6.China 7.Norway 8.Australia 9.Saudi Arabia 10.Algeria.
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            UNO has failed to grant the right to self determination to the people of kashmir though the same right has been given to the people of

            A. East Timor
            B. Bosnia
            C. Kosovo
            D. Syria

            Answer & Solution
            Option: A
            Explanation :East Timor is a country in Southeast Asia. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island surrounded by Indonesian West Timor. Australia is the country’s southern neighbor, separated by the Timor Sea. The country’s size is about 15,007 km2 (5,794 sq mi).
            East Timor was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until 28 November 1975, when the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) declared the territory’s independence. Nine days later, it was invaded and occupied by the Indonesian military, and was declared as the country’s 27th province the following year. The Indonesian occupation of East Timor was characterised by a highly violent, decades-long conflict between separatist groups (especially Fretilin) and the Indonesian military.
            In 1999, following the United Nations-sponsored act of self-determination, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory. East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the 21st century on 20 May 2002 and joined the United Nations and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. In 2011, East Timor announced its intention to become the eleventh member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).It is one of only two predominantly Christian nations in Southeast Asia, the other being the Philippines, as well as the only Asian country to be located completely in the Southern Hemisphere.
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              When NATO founding treaty was signed in Washington D.C

              A. 1949
              B. 1945
              C. 1947
              D. 1950

              Answer & Solution
              Option: A
              Explanation : NATO is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance between countries in North America and Europe.
              NATO was formed following World War II. Its founding treaty was signed in Washington D.C. in 1949 by a dozen European and North American countries.
              The 12 founding member countries of NATO are: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway ,Portugal, United Kingdom, United States
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                Total founding member countries of NATO are

                A. 10
                B. 11
                C. 12
                D. None of these

                Answer & Solution
                Option: C
                Explanation : NATO is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance between countries in North America and Europe.
                NATO was formed following World War II. Its founding treaty was signed in Washington D.C. in 1949 by a dozen European and North American countries.
                The 12 founding member countries of NATO are: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway ,Portugal, United Kingdom, United States
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                  NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance between countries

                  A. North America and Europe
                  B. South America and Europe
                  C. Africa and Europe
                  D. Africa and South America

                  Answer & Solution
                  Option: A
                  Explanation : NATO is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance between countries in North America and Europe.
                  NATO was formed following World War II. Its founding treaty was signed in Washington D.C. in 1949 by a dozen European and North American countries.
                  The NATO alliance was formed as a response to the threat posed after the Second World War by the Soviet Union. NATO’s purpose was to protect democratic nations against the spread of communism in Europe. NATO’s website states “It commits the Allies to democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law, as well as to peaceful resolution of disputes. Importantly, the treaty sets out the idea of collective defense, meaning that an attack against one Ally is considered an attack against all Allies.”
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                    Which are the two neutral states of the world?

                    A. Netherlands and Vatican city
                    B. Latvia and Lithuania
                    C. Switzerland and Norway
                    D. Sweden and Switzerland

                    Answer & Solution
                    Option: D
                    Explanation : A neutral country is a country that doesn’t take sides. This could be during a certain war, or it could be for all conflicts. Countries that are neutral in future conflicts do not enter military alliances. The definition of “neutral” varies from country to country. Some nations, for example, do not have a military. Others do have a military in place to protect themselves if needed but do not deploy their militaries to other nations.
                    Throughout history, there have been various nations around the world that have been neutral. Currently, nations that are neutral against future conflicts are: 1. Austria 2.Costa Rica 3.Finland 4.Ghana 5.Ireland 6.Japan 7.Liechtenstein 8.Malta 9.Mexico 10.Mongolia 11.Moldova 12.Panama 13.Rwanda 14.Serbia 15.Singapore 16.Sweden 17.Switzerland 18.Turkmenistan 19.Uzbekistan 20.Vatican City
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